The treatment for aortic valve disease depends on the type of valve problem and the severity of the disease. Patients with mild aortic valve disease who have few or no symptoms need to see their physician regularly. If the condition becomes worse, medications may be used. These medicines can help regulate the heart rhythm, control swelling by ridding the body of fluids, and/or help the left ventricle to pump better.
However, medications can only help treat the symptoms of valve problems rather than the cause of them. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary. An aortic valve replacement is a surgery used to remove an unhealthy aortic valve, and replace it with a healthy valve.
People with aortic valve disease are at increased risk for developing an infection of the valve, which is called endocarditis, and must always take antibiotics before certain dental or surgical procedures.