Heart Home > Mitral Valve Prolapse Treatment

For most people with mild cases of mitral valve prolapse, treatment isn't necessary. In more severe cases, medications or even surgery may be recommended.

Treating Mitral Valve Prolapse When No Symptoms Are Present

When a person has mitral valve prolapse but no symptoms or mitral regurgitation (backflow of blood into the atrium), no treatment is necessary. The prognosis for these mild cases is excellent, and in most cases, activities do not need to be limited.
 

Mitral Valve Prolapse Treatment When Symptoms Are Present

For people with mitral valve prolapse and chest pain, the doctor may prescribe a beta blocker drug as part of treatment. If arrhythmias (irregular heart rhythms) are present and causing frequent symptoms, the doctor may prescribe an anti-arrhythmia medication.
 
In severe cases of prolapse where mitral regurgitation is present, surgical repair of the mitral valve may be a necessary part of the treatment for mitral valve prolapse.
 

Prevention as a Part of Treatment

If mitral regurgitation is present with mitral valve prolapse, preventive antibiotics should be used any time the patient undergoes dental, gastrointestinal, or urinary procedures.
 
(Click Mitral Valve Prolapse for more information about this condition.)
 
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last updated/reviewed:
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