Major Problems With Mitral Valve Replacement

Major Mitral Valve Replacement Complications

There are also a number of possible major mitral valve replacement complications that can occur with mitral valve replacement. Although these are uncommon, your overall health will play a role in your likelihood of developing complications and how well you recover from them. For example, patients with severe heart disease, diabetes, or lung or kidney disease may have a higher chance than those who are healthier of having complications from mitral valve replacement.
The most common and/or serious complications of mitral valve replacement include:
Other possible major complications of mitral valve replacement include (but are not limited to):
  • Heart or lung problems including:
o Irregular heart rhythms
o Temporary or permanent damage to your heart's electrical system
o Lung or heart failure
o Rupture of the heart wall
  • Kidney failure
  • Allergic reaction to medication
  • Nerve or organ damage
  • Transmission of disease from blood products
  • Other rare and unlikely events.

Mitral Valve Replacement Complications: Summary

Depending on your individual situation, a major mitral valve replacement complication may lead to:
  • A blood transfusion
  • A longer hospital stay
  • Temporary or permanent placement of a pacemaker
  • Dialysis
  • Repeat surgery.
In some cases, an immediate life-saving surgery may be necessary. Other major complications, in infrequent cases, can lead to permanent disability or loss of life. Loss of life associated with mitral valve replacement, however, occurs in approximately 4 out of 100 procedures that are elective, or planned. During emergency surgery, loss of life can be much higher, occurring in 10 to 20 out of 100 procedures.
It may be that in your doctor's practice, few of these mitral valve replacement complications have occurred. However, it is important for you to know and understand the potential complications, so that you are fully informed before your procedure.
It is also important for you to understand that there can be longer-term complications associated with having a valve replacement. Because of your new valve, you will be at a higher risk of having infections, valve failure, or stroke and bleeding.
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