What You Need to Know About Mitral Valve Replacement

Preparing for Mitral Valve Replacement

Mitral valve replacement is performed in the hospital, and the average hospital stay is 4 to 7 days; however, it is possible that you could stay longer.
Depending on your situation, you may undergo other tests prior to your mitral valve replacement. Your healthcare provider will explain the specific purpose of each test.
You will also be given specific instructions as to:
  • Where and when to arrive at the medical facility
  • How to prepare for your mitral valve replacement surgery
  • What to expect on the day of and in the days following your surgery.


(Click Preparing for Mitral Valve Replacement for more information.)


Mitral Valve Replacement Options

For someone having a mitral valve replacement, the new mitral valve will be one of two types. The type of mitral valve replacement will be either:
  • A man-made mechanical valve, made of metal and plastic
  • A tissue valve, which is a mitral valve that is taken from an infection-free animal heart.
Each type of mitral valve has specific advantages and disadvantages.
(Click Types of Mitral Valve Replacements for more information.)

The Surgery Itself

During a mitral valve replacement, the atrium is gently opened to reveal your mitral valve. Your surgeon will then carefully remove the old mitral valve. Then your doctor will select a mechanical or tissue replacement valve and will sew this into place with stitches. Once securely in place, the atrium will be closed with stitches.
(Click Mitral Valve Replacement Surgery for more information.)
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Info on Mitral Valve Replacement

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